The 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (and its 1967 Protocol) defines a refugee as:
owing to a well founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable, or owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his or her habitual residence, is unable, or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it.
(Article 1A(2) of the Refugee Convention)
The majority of applicants who are considered under this category are identified and referred by the UNHCR to Australia for resettlement. The Refugee category includes the Refugee, In-country Special Humanitarian, Emergency Rescue and Woman at Risk visa subclasses.
As defined above, a refugee is a person who has had to flee his or her country of origin because of persecution or fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.
Migrants make a conscious choice to move to another country. They are able to read about the country and learn about it from friends and families. They have time to study the language and explore employment opportunities before they make a final decision about whether to come.
Clients holding the following visas referred by DIAC are eligible for HSS:
The HSS program provides accommodation services for eligible clients only (see above eligibility). Housing Workers assist clients with sourcing and securing appropriate and affordable accommodation. We also assist clients with:
You can assist and help refugees in the HSS program by becoming a volunteer. For more information visit our volunteer section.